By Ömer ADIYAMAN
Terrorism and violence are the most significant challenges that the humanity has ever faced during the 21st century. Terrorist organizations, as the actors of this environment defined as “the wars for power” within the security literature are able to have a transboundary mandate and set their objectives and strategies in line with these purposes.
The Democratic Union Party (PYD), which is the Syria extension of the PKK/KCK terrorist organization that has been operating within our territories for many years, on the one hand, seeks to introduce itself as a legal organization at the world public opinion and on the other hand, attempts to turn the internal conflicts within Syria into an opportunity through the political and logistical support provided by certain international actors.
By means of its armed units called People’s Protection Units (YPG), the PYD seeks to give the impression of being an organization that fights against the DEASH terrorist organization at the world public opinion. As a matter of fact, it is recognized that the PYD/YPG is the PKK/KCK terrorist organization’s wing in Syria and
their targets, structure and functioning correspond and it operates within the same structure, as well as it is not a different and independent formation from the PKK/KCK. Contrary to what is being introduced, the PYD is the PKK/KCK’s extension in Syria that is registered as a “terrorist organization” under the list of international terrorist organizations.
There is plenty of evidence which illuminate the organic linkage between the PYD and the PKK terrorist organisation. Above all, the PYD was established at the 8th Congress of the PKK, upon the orders of the instigator Abdullah Öcalan, sent from İmralı where he is imprisoned and the decisions made for “the restructuring in Iran, Iraq and Syria, alongside Turkey” on 17 October 2003.
Within this context, the PKK/KCK terrorist organisation, which aims to unite the so-called autonomous administration areas in Turkey, Iran, Iraq, and Syria under the name of the KCK and to establish an independent State, deployed some of its forces in Syria for its KCK project, by taking advantage of the situation in Syria.
The PKK/KCK terrorist organisation has found a margin of maneuver following the authority gap emerged as a result of the political incidences and civil war conditions after 2011 in Syria, and then the armed wing of the PYD terrorist organisation, the YPG (People’s Protection Units) was established.
As DEASH increased its activities in Syria, PKK/KCK’s Syria extension PYD/YPG terror organisation has entered actions to create an autonomous body within the regions it controls over the claim of “fighting against DEASH” and seized a part of Northern Syria by taking advantage of the regional instability.
The PYD/YPG terrorist organisation continued its activities of changing the demographic structure within the Syrian areas it called “cantons” by establishing control by the means of terror and oppression. The PYD/ YPG disregarded and enforced relocation of the native populations such as Arabs and Turkmens who reject its authority, and confiscated their goods, committed arson on the buildings where ownership and population records are stored, while arming children by oppressive methods under the name of conscription. Their activities which involve crimes against humanity are continuing to increase.
The PYD/YPG which does not recognize right to life to any opposing elements or allow any new groups closed the branches of political parties it considers as competitors and detained their directors and supporters.
It has been ruled in many European states that PKK elements are operating in Syria. For example, in a case within British jurisdiction, it was decision reflected the truth that PKK/KCK terrorist elements are operating in Northern Syria. In addition, the fact that the PYD/YPG is in fact the Syrian structure of the PKK/KCK, its violations on human rights in Syria are accepted by both various indipendent international organisations and judicial bodies of European countries like Spain.
It is absolute that all States fighting against terror and terrorism shall accept the natural link between the PYD/ YPG terrorist organization with the PKK/KCK terrorist organisation, along with its violations of fundamental rights and freedoms like “right to life” as guaranteed by many international agreements.
This publication intends to reveal the direct link between the structures of the PKK / KCK and the PYD / YPG as well as the authentic identities of these organizations and to highlight that they cannot have any affirmative impacts on the fight against DEASH – as claimed by some in the international arena – and that they do not bear any other identity other than their terrorist identity.
THE EMERGENCE OF THE PYD/YPG, THE PKK/KCK TERRORIST ORGANIZATION’S WING IN SYRIA
The social basis and level of organisation of the PKK terrorist organisation in Syria dates back to the years when the instigator Abdullah Öcalan was operating in the country.
The PKK, which used Syria as a base from 1979 to 1998, created a ground for itself in Northern Syria during this period.
After the Adana Agreement on 22 October 1998, which ended the Syrian support to the PKK and Öcalan’s expulsion from Syria, the terrorist organisation sought to increase its activity.
After being captured, the leader of the PKK/KCK, the instigator Abdullah Öcalan, continued to instruct strategies for the terrorist organisation via his lawyers and arguments and stated that the organization should also continue to get organised in Syria.
Within this scope, expressions from Öcalan’s visit note from 25 December 2001 “(…) I suggested four countries. In Iran, it should be with the democratic Islam humor. The PKK should exist in Iraq, it may be in the form of Southern PKK. And in Syria, the Democratic Union Party (…)” and visit note from 13 August 2003 “(…) In my defence, I was saying the Syria Kurdish Democratic Party. I suggest the democratic Union Party for the Syrian people as well (…)” are direct evidences of the fact that the PYD is the outcome designed by the PKK/KCK for the Syrian context .
The PKK, which used Syria as a base from 1979 to 1998, created a ground for itself in Northern Syria during this period
At the 8th PKK Congress on 20-24 April 2002, (Kurdistan Freedom and Democracy Congress (KADEK 1st Congress) observed the decision to create new organisations in Iraq, Iran and Syria, alongside Turkey.
The PKK/KCK terrorist organisation, founded the Partiya Yekitiya Demokrat/Democratic Union Party (PYD) on 17 September 2003, in order to continue its existance in Syria, under the orders of the instigator A. Öcalan and objectives of the terrorist organisation.
The purpose of the system of the KCK Convention of the PKK terrorist organization is described as to establish the “Democratic Confederate Kurdistan” in four steps (Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Syria). The whole KCK system was impingent upon the instigator Abdullah Öcalan’s will-power, described as “Leadership”, and the KONGRA-GEL is appointed as the “legislative body”, while the Executive Council was declared as the “executive body”.
The PKK/KCK terrorist organisation, founded the Partiya Yekitiya Demokrat/ Democratic Union Party (PYD) on 17 September 2003 in order to continue its existence in Syria, under the orders of A. Öcalan and aims of the terrorist organisation.
Fragment organisations were mentioned in the KCK Convention, and it was aimed to establish a similar organisation model in Turkey, Iraq, Iran and Syria. The PKK/KCK terrorist organisation executed the KCK- Rojava organisation, by acting in accordance with the autonomous structures that it aims to establish in Syria. The Northern Structure group is headed by the Sofi Nurettin (C) Nureddin Halef el-Muhammed as the Syria Leader.
Sofi Nurettin (C) Nureddin Halef el-Muhammed, is responsible for general Syrian actions under the PKK/KCK Northern Syrian structure.
Sofi Nureddin, who joined the PKK terrorist organisation in 1990 was appointed to the Command Council at the HPG 4. Conference in February 2007. He handed over his position to Bahoz Erdal (C) Fehman Hüseyin while he was the Syrian General Leader between 2013-2015, and was appointed as the Syrian General Leader again in 2017.
The name of KCK-Rojava was dropped after some time in order to hide the connection with the PKK/KCK terrorist organization. The KCK’s Syrian organization is structured as the PYD on the political side, the YPG/YPJ as the armed wing and the TEV- DEM on the community side.
The name of KCK-Rojava was dropped after some time in order to hide the connection to the PKK/KCK terrorist organization. The KCK’s Syrian organization is structured as; the PYD on the political end, the YPG/YPJ as armed wing and the TEV-DEM in the community end.
THE ESTABLISHMENT, ORGANIZATION AND LEADERS OF THE PYD, THE POLITICAL WING OF THE TERRORIST ORGANISATION IN SYRIA
The PYD organized rapidly with the help of the personnel sent by the PKK/KCK from the north of the country after the civilian crisis in Syria.
Salih Müslim and Asya Abdullah, who are also the KCK Executive Council members are co-presidents of the PYD, which is based in Kamışlı and which adopts the instigator A. Öcalan’s ideas.
Ebu Velat (C) Salih Müslim MUHAMMED
is currently serving as the Co-President of the terrorist organization Democratic Union Party’s (PYD) Co-President. Salih Müslim, who ran away from Syria to Iraq due to the pressure from the regime and who lived in a PKK camp in Gare, returned to Syria in March 2011.
Müslim, who has been conducting activities under the authority of the PKK’s Syrian Director General very often stated the affiliation between the PKK/KCK and themselves. Salih Müslim, in an interview given to the organization named Kurdwatch in 2011, stated that they were implementing Apo’s [Abdullah Öcalan] philosophy and ideology as it is the best solution to the Syrian Kurdish problems.
Salih Müslim, at the same interview also stated that the PYD members were trained in the PKK camp Gare, he was also present there in Gare for some time, and the PYD members were still under training over there, as an answer to a question about the PYD members who reside in Ayn el-Arab (Kobani) and El-Malikiye (Derik), admitting the PKK/KCK terrorists’ activites inside the PYD organization.
The speeches given by the PYD co-presidents under the posters of the terrorist organization instigator Abdullah Öcalan and their photos with the PKK/KCK member terrorists are another example for the linkage between the terrorist organization PKK/KCK and the PYD.
The speeches given by the PYD co-presidents under posters of the terrorist organization instigator Abdullah Öcalan and their photos with the PKK/KCK member terrorists are another example for the tie between the terrorist organization PKK/KCK and the PYD.
Dilan Rihan Muhammed (C) Asya Ayşe ABDULLAH
is serving as the Co-President in the Democratic Union Party (PYD). She has also conducted activities as part of the PKK in Gare and Kandil areas before arriving in Syria. She is already responsible for the cantons within the KCK Syrian Higher Administration.
The ideological linkage between the PKK/KCK and the PYD was also voiced by the members of the PKK/KCK Executive Council and the PYD co-president Salih Müslim. The PYD Co-President Salih Müslim said: “There is a philosophical, ideological rapproachement between us and the PKK.” on 25 July 2012. The PKK/KCK Executive Council Co-President Cemil Bayık said: “The (so called) Rojava Revolution and the PKK/KCK were nurtured from the same source .” on 22 March 2017.
The PYD Co-President Dilah Rihan Muhammed (C) Asya Ayşe ABDULLAH
The PYD Co-President Dilah Rihan Muhammed (C) Asya Ayşe ABDULLAH is also a member of the PKK/KCK terrorist organization just like Ebu Velat (C) Salih Müslim MUHAMMED. She gives her speeches in front of posters of the terrorist instigator Abdullah ÖCALAN.
THE PKK-PYD PARTNERSHIP IN THE REMARKS OF THE SO-CALLED HIGH-LEVEL MEMBERS OF THE ORGANIZATION
Serxwebûn, one of the PKK’s media outlets, in its May 2002 issue where it compiled documents of the PKK’s 8th General Congress, showed that the PYD is a part of the PKK, through the following statement: “Our Congress, in new period, should create a Syrian Democratic Union Movement or a party by that name and support it as a part of our movement by making necessary appointments.”
The PKK instigator Abdullah Öcalan’s brother Osman Öcalan stated “that the duty of forming the PYD was given to Murat Karayılan but as Karayılan said that ‘he can not do that’, Karayılan himself formed the PYD like the way he formed the PJAK in Iran, and in order not to provoke the Syrian regime, they did not include the word Kurdistan in its name, that the PYD was tied to the PKK and it acted upon the decisions made by the PKK” in his statement given to the Iraqi local media in 2013.
The PKK instigator Abdullah Öcalan’s brother Osman Öcalan stated “that he himself formed the PYD, and that the PYD is associated with the PKK and that it acted upon the decisions made by the PKK.”
The ties between the PYD and the PKK was clearly expressed in the following statement issued as a message by the Kurdistan Democratic Confederalism (KKK) on the occasion of the Newroz in 2006: “the PYD, in the Western Kurdistan with its congress tried to structure and establish a system in form of the KKK’s Western Kurdistan organization.”
In 2008, at an interview with Aso, the Syrian daily regarding the PYD policies, the PYD President Fuad Ömer (C) Barazani Muhammed who was to remain in his post till 2010, stated that “they are preparing the people for political struggle by forming a democratic community in the (so-called) Western Kurdistan, where they shaped a new community in Syria’s Kurdish regions, called as the KCK/Rojava”.
THE LINK BETWEEN PKK/KCK AND PYD WITHIN THE STATEMENTS OF THE ARRESTED MEMBERS OF THE ORGANIZATION
The statements by the PKK/KCK affiliated persons arrested thorugh the operations in Turkey clearly show the tie between the PKK/KCK and the PYD. Terrorist organization members confessed that;
– “the PYD was formed, in order to recruit members for the PKK in Syria, it is a part of the terrorist organization and that it tried to exercise Democratic Autonomy in Syria” (Terrorist organization member C.K),
– “the PYD is among the organizations that are connected to the KONGRA-GEL; the purpose of the PYD as an extension of the PKK, is to establish the KCK system in Syria” (Terrorist organization member H.E),
-“the PKK formed the PYD in Syria; PKK’s instructions are carried out with loyalty, and the PYD aimed to establish an organization in Syria,similar to the one in Iraq” (Terrorist organization member Z.T).
THE TRUE COLOR OF THE SO-CALLED MOVEMENT FOR A DEMOCRATIC SOCIETY (TEV-DEM)
The TEV-DEM (The Movement for a Democratic Society) was established in order to build ‘democratic confederalism’ that is laid out to hide the terrorist instigator A. Öcalan’s seperationist ideology by the PKK/KCK’s Syrian extension the PYD terrorist organization in Northern Syria.
The TEV-DEM which acts upon the will of the PKK’s Chief in Syria, has been organized according to the KCK’s requirements urging the creation of the following units everywhere : the Presidential Council, the Permanent Council, the Executive Council, the People’s Assembly, the Committee of Defense and the Higher Court of People.
It was established in order to build ‘democratic confederalism’ that is laid out to hide the terrorist instigator A. Öcalan’s seperationist ideology by the PKK/KCK’s Syrian extension terrorist organization the PYD in Northern Syria.
The PYD/YPG terrorist organization which controls some territory with the support of the USA, declared three cantonal structures of Afrin, Kobani and Cizre in January 2014. The cantons which have their autocracies have the duty of carrying out the orders of the TEV-DEM.
THE PKK/KCK MEMBERS PARTICIPATING IN THE TEV-DEM
A. Aldar Halil Codename (Member of KCK Assembly)
B. Hamza Botan Codename (Chief Officer for KCK’s EFA)
C. Hakkı Gabar Code Name (KCK Botan Field Chief)
THE PKK/KCK’s Syrian Higher Administration Foreign Relations Director and PKK Central Committee Member Velid Halil has been made a Coordination Member in 2012 of the TEV-DEM which is the umbrella organization of Syrian activities. As of 2013, he has been organizing the activities in Kamışlı area as the PYD Co-President Salih Müslim’s assistant and has been serving as a member of the TEV-DEM Executive Council.
V. Halil, who is a member of the PKK terrorist organization which conducts activities as a part of the TEV-DEM, was pictured with the KCK members with an alias of Hamza Botan and Hakkı Gabar.
Abdullah Şen, whose alias is Hamza Botan, handled the economic and financial responsibilities of the terrorist organization from the Netherlands. He was sentenced to 6 years of jail in Germany in March 2015 for committing the crime of being a member of a terrorist organization that operates abroad.
TEV-DEM Yürütme Konseyi üyesi olan Hanife Hüseyin, 2012 yılında PYD’nin kadın kolları yapılanması Star Birlik Grubu Koordinasyon üyesi olmuştur. 2013 yılı içerisinde KCK Yürütme Kurulu ve PKK Merkez Komite üyeliğine seçilen Hanife Hüseyin, halihazırda Suriye’de YPG içerisindeki tüm kadın kollarından sorumlu olarak faaliyet yürütmektedir.
The TEV-DEM Executive Council member Hanife Hüseyin, became a coordination member of the PYD’s women branch called the Star Union Group in 2012. Hanife Hüseyin, who was elected to membership of the KCK Executive Council and PKK Central Council in 2013, is already conducting activities as the director of all Syrian YPG’s women branches.
THE ARMED WING OF THE PYD TERRORIST ORGANISATION:YPG (PEOPLE’S PROTECTION UNITS )
Many terrorists who are members of the PKK/KCK were appointed to the PYD ranks after the emergence of the Syrian Crisis and were appointed to conduct armed operations of the PYD by the KCK.
It was stated under the KCK Convention Area Centers of the PKK/KCK terrorist organization that People’s Defense Area Centers are ensuring defense in (so called) Kurdistan; their purpose is to establish the confederal system and their strategy was defined as “legitimate defense”.
The KCK organization, in order to establish the autonomy that is targeted in Syria, organized the armed units such as YPG (People’s Defense Units) and the Women Defense Units (YPJ) . The aforementioned armed units have been organized similar to the organization of the PKK’s armed wing the HPG (People’s Defense Forces).
The YPG, the armed wing of the terrorist organization, on a website embracing the ideology asserted by the PKK/KCK leader Abdullah Öcalan, represents itself as a structure “based on the principles of democratic, ecological and pro- women’s liberation society paradigm”.
The YPG is administered by the military officers of the PKK and has many terrorists who arrived in Syria from other countries.
The KCK Syrian armed structure is led by the PKK/KCK terrorist organization member Şahin Cilo (C) Mustafa Abdi Bin Halil. The KCK Executive Council, controls the operations in Syria with his instructions for the armed terrorists among the YPG ranks.
PKK/KCK TERRORISTS WITHIN THE YPG
Joined the PKK terrorist organization in 1990. Having operated in the terrorist organization’s structure in the Europe between 1997-2003, Mustafa Abdi Bin Halil acted as the executive board member of the PKK high administration in 2005. As of 2012, acts as the armed wing officer for the terrorist organization’s structure in Syria.
Joined the PKK in 1994. Acts as the YPG General Leader in Syria, where he moved to in 2011.
EXAMPLES ON THE LINK BETWEEN THE PKK AND THE YPG MILITANTS
Staments by Zind Ruken, a terrorist who is a member of the PKK/KCK, were once covered by the Wall Street Journal as: “Sometimes, I am the PKK, sometimes I am the PJAK or the YPG. That does not matter. All these are a member of the PKK.” It clearly indicates the organic linkage between the PKK and the YPG.
Itisimportanttotakeintoaccountthedemonstrationsheld by the PYD in Aufst2012 in different cities where “the anniversary of the first armed attack of PKK in Turkey on 15 August 1984” was celebrated since they clearly indicate a linkage between the PKK/KCK and the PYD.
Another example of the PKK/KCK armed members’ activity in the YPG in Syria is Viyan Amed (C) Arzu Adıgüzel, who is a member of the According to the announcement , Adıgüzel joined YPG from Diyarbakır in 2011. This date precedes the formation of the YPG by the PYD. In addition, Adıgüzel appears in a photograph taken in a condolence tent in Diyarbakır in the HPG uniform with theKCK flag. Such examples refute the thesis that the PYD and the YPG is independent from the PKK.
A news titled as “We commemorate comrade Slav,the first martyr of YPJ” on 06.01.2013 was shared on a website belonging to HPG “HPG-Online”. HPG is the armed wing of PKK/KCK terrorist organisation. YJA-STAR, the female section of PKK/KCK, states that “We, the YJA-STAR forces, bow respectfully before comrade Slav who devoted herself to the fight for freedom of Rojava Kurdistan and we reiterate our vow to make the Kurdistan female freedom fight to reach success”. These statements clearly show not only the relationship between the armed wing of PKK and YPG/YPJ but also that PKK/KCK has embraced the forementioned terrorist from YPJ.
XEBAT (C): is Syrian. An old-timer. Member of HPG military council. A field commander. Amongst the coordinators of big attacks in Zagras and Hakurke areas between 2009 and 2010. Field commander of Hakurke between 2010 and 2011. Last thing I heard about her was her death in Syria.
Mahir (C) Erkan GÜZELIRMAK turned herself in while serving actively in rural area on behalf of PKK/KCK. She identified the person on the back side of Fermenderiya YPG (YPG Command) card as XEBAT (F) during his interrogation in Hakkari Police Department on 10 June 2012. Based on the statements by the terrorist who turned herself in, it was inferred that the identified terrorist was a member of “HPG military council” which is the armed wing of PKK/KCK.
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE YPG/PYD AND THE PKK/KCK BASED ON THE TESTIMONIES OF WITNESSES AND SUSPECTS
The testimony of those who were arrested during the operations reveals the relation between the PKK/KCK and PYD/YPG. The arrested organization members have stated that;
-”The management group of YPG consists of the terrorist organization’s members from Northern Iraq, activities by PKK in Syria is operated under the name of YPG and Democratic Union Party (the PYD)”, (Terrorist organization member A.B),
“the YPG and PYD” is trained by the organization members of the PKK’s mountain troops”, (Terrorist organization member Z.K),
-”the PYD is the Syrian wing of PKK/KCK, the organization members of HPG which is the armed wing of the PKK/KCK have started to operate within the YPG after the solution process” (Terroriest organization member M.S),
-”YPG is a structure of Western Kurdistan and allied to HPG, troops of HPG have been transferred to YPG front, history of PKK and information about Abdullah Öcalan is instructed during the training of YPG” (Terrorist organization member F.H.H),
ACTIVITIES OF THE DEMOCRATIC UNION PARTY (PYD) / THE PEOPLE’S PROTECTION UNITS (YPG) – SYRIAN EXTENSION OF THE PKK/KCK- AGAINST TURKEY
The PKK/PYD Terrorist Organization made 14 attacks last 3 months and in consequence; 1 was martyred, 7 were slightly wounded, 4 civilians were abducted, 1 tank and 1 armored vehicle was damaged. In retaliation 17 members of the PYD/ PKK terrorist organization were neutralized.
1. 13 FEBRUARY 2017
The PKK/PYD Terrorist Organization attacked to Şirintepe Border Outpost in 13 February 2017, Monday around 17.50 from Mollaabit Oil-well on the northern part of Syria. There are no casualties. 1 PYD/PKK terroriest organization member was neutralized in retaliation.
2. 7 MARCH 2017
2 PKK/PYD Terrorist Organization member abducted 4 construction workers from the ongoing wall construction site in Mardin- Kızıltepe within the region of Mürsel Border Outpost, in 24 January 2017, Tuesday around 16.30. They were abducted in Hareze village after they crossed the border with a vehicle for map measurement by 2 PKK/PYD members. The forementioned persons were taken back in 05 March 2017, Sunday arond 13.00 from Şenyurt District Humanitarion Aid Gate in Kızıltepe county.
3. 22 MARCH 2017
PKK/PYD terrorist organization members made a sniper attack to Bükülmez Border Outpost in 22 March 2017,Wednesday around 08.45 from Syria-Molahalil. Border Tower guard was shot down and there is only 1 casualty.
(Armed attack was immediately retaliated and upon surveillance it was observed that 2 civilians and 2 armored vehicles have arrived Derbellut region around 14.20 and 9 persons wearing military uniforms got off the armored vehicles carrying the flags of Russian Federation and so-called PYD Terrorist Organization. )
4. 22 MARCH 2017
Syrian PYD/PKK terrorist organizations attacked the outposts in the borderlines of Hatay- Reyhanlı and Kırıkhan counties in 22 March 2017, Wednesday. The attacked outposts were;
– Yağmur Border Outpost around 9.40,
– Sucu Border Outpost around 10.30
– Bayraktar Border Outpost around 13.00
– Other security units around 18.50.
– Bükülmez Border Outpost was also attacked in 23 March 2017, Thursday around 01.50. No casualties were suffered and attack was immediately retaliated.
5. 26 MARCH 2017
PKK/PYD opened harresment fire to Halepli Border Outpost in Hatay-Kırıkhanlı county in 26 March 2017, Sunday around 01.30 from the regions under the control of the terrorist organization. No casualties were suffered and upon the immediate retaliation 4 members of PKK/PYD terrorist organization were neutralized.
6. 30 MARCH 2017
An operating construction vehicle in Bayraktar Outpost in Şırnak-İdil county in 30 March 2017, Thursday around 11.45 was opened fire from Syria-Tel Hatun Outpost region. No casualties were suffered. The attack was immediately retaliated and 3 terroriest were neutralized.
7. 2 APRIL 2017
The PKK/PYD Terrorist organization members started a sniper attack to the units deployed in Syria-Aleppo Jisras Samukah Village on 02 April 2017, Sunday around 00.40. No casualties were reported. The attack was immediately retaliated and 9 members of the PYD/PKK Terrorist organization were neutralized.
8. 26 APRIL 2017
PYD/PKK Terrorist organization members launched a howitzer attack to Kızılçar Border Outpost in Hatay -Yayladağ county on 26 April 2017,Wednesday around 11.15 from Syria. 4 staff were slightly injured.
9. 26 APRIL 2017
PKK/PYD Terrorist organization members launched a howitzer attack to Gökhan Border Outpost in Hatay-Hassa on 26 April 2017, Wednesday around 10.00 from Syria- Afrin. No casualties were reported. The attack caused material damage on the roof of the outpost.
10. 26 APRIL 2017
On 26 April 2017, around 17.00, simultaneous bozooka attacks were launched by the PYD/ PKK Terrorist Organization in Syria against the Akdoğan, Karatepe and Haznedar Border Outposts in Kızıltepe District of Mardin Province in Turkey. As a result, 3 staff were slightly injured; 1 tank and 1 armored vehicle were damaged.
11. 27 APRIL 2017
At the Border Outposts of Kırıkhan and Hassa of Hatay Province, in different times after the night of 26-27 April 2017, the PYD/PKK Terrorist Organization members organized armed attacks at intervals from Afrin, Syria. No casualties were recorded. Attacks were returned immediately.
NOTE: Çektar (C) Turgut Yaman, a member of the PYD/PKK Terrorist Organization, surrendered to the Border Command Post of Ceylanpınar, Şanlıurfa on 2 March 2017 at 13:00 without arms or equipment.
HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS OF THE PYD/YPG TERRORIST ORGANISATION, SYRIAN EXTENSION OF THE PKK/KCK
THE PYD/YPG terrorist organization, which is the Syrian structure of the PKK/KCK has committed many violations of human rights since the day it was established by its actions.
President of the European Center for Kurdish Studies Eva Savelsberg has stated: “a little girl was forcibly taken from a camp in Qamishli to a camp in Northern Iraq, there are many children in the camp, the children try to escape the camp often, and a girl at the age of 17 was executed by being shot in the head after attempting to run away 9 times in the presence of the children in the camp, and the arguement that PKK has changed is nothing more than a PR campaign.”
KIDNAPPING, DETENTION and EXECUTIONS
The PYD/YPG terrorist organization has been kidnapping, detaining and executing the individuals that they deem as opponent in northern Syria. Such actions of the terrorist organization has been revealed by the reports of various human rights organizations.
In the report published in January 2016 by the Syrian Network of Human Rights (SNHR), it was highlighted that the PYD/YPG was violating human rights at an extent reaching ethnic cleansing through many massacres it committed. Until the date of publication of the report, it was expressed that minimum 407 civilians, including 51 children, 43 women and the individuals having lost their lives due to tortue, were killed by the PYD/YPG.
Furthermore, according to the report, till January 2016, 1651 people were detained and no information was traced about what occured to some individuals. The report emphasized that the PYD/YPG was making use of this method, in order to deactivate its political opponents. In that, some people affiliated with other political parties were detained, beaten and executed.
According to the report on “Under Kurdish Rule: Abuses in PYD-Run Enclaves of Syria” issued by the Human Rights Watch (HRW) in June 2014, it was underlined that the PYD/YPG terrorist organization very frequently detained, abducted and executed its political rivals.
The PYD/YPG terrorist organization has been kidnapping, detaining and executing the individuals that they deem as opponent in northern Syria.
The public order actions of the law enforcement organization called Asayiş (the Public Order) have been also covered by the reports of the human rights monitoring organizations. Extreme mental and physical torture engaged against the people detained by the terrorist organization is commonly observed. According to the HRW report, Hannah Hamdoş was detained and killed in Afrin but it was claimed that actually the PYD/YPG killed her by crashing her head against a wall.
In February 2014, another incidence occured in Sere Kaniye where Raswan Atas of 24 was killed by a member of the “Asayis”.
In accordance with the report, the fact 9 unanimous murders were committed and some people were still missing and all were an opponent of the PYD/ YPG, raised suspicions about the fact that law enforcement is resorting to arbitrary practices.
On 23 June 2013, during a protest against the PYD/ YPG in Amude, the PYD/YPG terrorists surefired the protestors and 8 civilians died in the course of three days. During the protest, 50 Yekiti Party members were taken by the PYD/YPG members to be assaulted at the headquarters of the YPG.
DEMOLITION OF THE SETTLEMENT AREAS AND FORCED MIGRATION
In the regions where the PYD/YPG terrorist organization is active, there are many ethnicities such as Arabs, Turkmens as well as Suryanis, Armenias etc.
The terrorist organization that is trying to establish its sovereignty in the territories it takes, is forcing people to migrate and demolishing certain settlements so as to change the demographics.
According to the report of January 2016 by the SNHR, the PYD/YPG infiltrates to plunder the settlement areas, executes ethnic cleansing where there is no Kurdish population,theydemolishhousesandforcefullydisplace people.The report also indicated that tens of thousands of people, majority of whom were Arabs, were already displaced by the PYD/YPG and dozens of villages were demolished. The report strongly underlines that all these actions mean war crime, crime committed against humanity and violation of internationally established human rights, in line with Article 8 of the Rome Convention.
The SNHR report specified that 9 settlement areas were totally demolished and the residents were displaced; 19 villages were partially demolished and unwanted people were sent to exile. In addition, in the villages taken by the PYD/YPG, non-Kurdish population is displaced with threat and violence with an aim of ethnic cleansing. According to the same report,tens of thousands of people were displaced from minimum 49 villages.
On 26 May 2015, the PYD/YPG gave a notice of evacuation within 24 hours to the residents of more than 26 villages in southern Haseke. In line with the statement of a witness living in one of those villages that is covered by the same report, “as soon as the PYD/YPG terrorists came to the village, they had a violent attitude against the Arabs and they said that there was no room for the Arabs and the Turkmens in Kurdistan and many of their houses were demolished by the terrorists.”
Another case from the report was arbitrary arrest and various tortures engaged against 100 Turkmen families in Haseke in February 2015. These families sought refuge in Turkey after they had to abondon their homes.
The Report on We Had Nowhere Else to Go of October2015 by the Amnesty International, comprised of witness statements,satellite views and expert opinions, what was clearly done by the PYD/YPG was a crime such as ethnic cleansing, exile and demolition.
The interviews held with the remaining residents as well as observations in Huseyniye, an Arab village, in the rural area of Tel Hamis, were included into the report. The satellite pictures of the village from June 2014 and June 2015 were covered in a comparative way and it was identified that 94% of the village holding 225 building was demolished and 14 buildings stood only.
The expert of the Amnesty International Lema Fakih: “The PYD/YPG does not recognize international humanitarian law in a hypocrite way by demolishing the houses and the villages of the civilians to the ground and displacing them without any valid military justification through the attacks corresponding to war crimes.
Witness statement from the report informs that the PYD/YPG terrorists who arrived in the Asaylem village on 22 July 2015, 35 kilometers away from Suluk, ordered the villagers to leave the village for security reasons, although the closest DEASH-controlled area was 17 kilometers away; but the villagers were told they could return to their village 3 days later and the villagers saw 100 of the 103 houses in the village were demolished.
Basma Muhammed el Bilal, who once worked as a teacher in Tel Diyab town stated that: “We were threatened because my brothers did not join the YPG. A YPG commander told me that my house would be burned down if I did not leave here, which was eventually burned.”
Details such as the PYD/YPG terrorist organization threatening and evacuating the inhabitants of el-Ghbein, el-Maghat, Rneen, Mela Berho, Abdi Koy, Tel Diyab, Suluk and Hammam el Turkman villages or towns are also reflected on the report. According to civilians in El-Ghbein who were threatened to be killed if they do not leave the village, 100 to 120 families lived in the village before the PYD/YPG captured the village, and this number fell as low as 20 to 30 in 2015. More than 50 households in Raneen were evacuated, and the residents were exiled. More than 800 civilians were deported from Mela Berho, more than 500 people in Abdi koy were sent away by threatening. More than 1,400 Turkmen families in Hammam el Turkmen were deported. Also, according to the report, more than 200 houses which belong to Arabs were burned down. The report by the Amnesity International clearly states that the examples of mentioned forced displacement constitute a crime.
VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND CHILDREN
The PYD/YPG terrorist organization often resorts to commit violance against women and children in order to protect its domination, to suppress the opposing indigenious population and gain new members.
These procedures of the PYD/YPG were addressed in the report of January 2016 by the SNHR. The report documents that between 2011 and 2016, 42 women were killed by the PYD/YPG terrorists. One of them, Nabiya El Salah from Say Ghoul village was killed by the PYD/YPG terrorists with 3 bullet shots on 14 August 2015 while she was on the road between Rakka and Tel Abyad. Another prominent example from the report is the Tarfa Halil el Hasud, who was 58 years old. She was murdered in her own barn while she was trying to escape from the PYD/YPG militants who killed her husband. Also according to the report, the PYD/YPG retained 88 women in Al-Hasakah, Qamishli and Afrin regions between January 2014 and October 2015 under the name of “mandatory military conscription”.
It was documented by the Syrian Human Rights Network (SNHR) in its report that the PYD/YPG terrorist organisation killed 51 kids and abducted 111 kids between 2011- 2015. One of the examples that stands out is that 3 years old Haytham İsa el Şimali was killed by a PYD/YPG sniper on 23 May 2015. Ali Ahmed el Ahmed was shot to death by the PYD/YPG terrorists while running away from them not to be abducted.
PYD/YPG Terrorists killed 2 kids in Amude town in 27 June 2013 during a protest by opening fire at the crowd.
Cuma el Abuş, residing in Sharmukh Village of Hasakah was detained by PYD/YPG terrorists at his home on 12 December 2014. After 5 days, his family found his dead and tortured body near the PYD/YPG terrorists’ checkpoint.
The PYD/YPG terrorist organization has recruited many children through their terrorist activities and forced them to fight in the front lines in order to keep the control of the regions they took over.
It is forbidden to recruit minors by many international agreements like 1949 The Geneva Convention on Protection of Civilian Persons During War, Additinonal Protocol to Geneva Agreements, 1989 United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child and Additional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child. But violation of this ban by PYD/YPG has been stated on the reports of many international institutions and organizations.
The report of United Nations Independent International Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic in 16 August 2013 states that the PYD/YPG is recruiting 12 years old boys and girls in Afrin and Hasakah.
United Nations’ report on Syrian Children and Armed Conflicts indicates that minor between the age of 14-17 are recruited by terrorist organization and used both in checkpoints and conflict zones.
It was specified in Human Trade Report by the USA on June 2016 that PYD/YPG keeps recruiting, using and training boys and girls, including ones under the age of 15. Also according to same report, a 16 years old girl was abducted by the PYD/YPG inspite of the objection by her family in Afrin, in April 2015.
The PYD/YPG terrorist organization has recruited many children through their terrorist activities in Syria and forced them to fight on the front lines.
It was stated in the report of Human Rights Watch Organization titled as “Under the Kurdish Rule “ that the PYD/YPG recruit minors for the organization and force them to fight. Human Rights Monitoring Organization has a list consisting of 59 children, 10 of whom are under 15.
Human Rights Monitoring Organization documented that the PYD/YPG keeps using children as soldiers following their visit to Cizire to inspect the situation that was proven in UN reports. A 16 years old boy who was interviewed by experts in 12 February 2014, told that he has been in the YPG since the age of 15.
And on 13 February 2014, a woman who spoke to Human Rights Monitoring Organization stated that her 13 year old son spent some time with PYD youth center before joining YPG on December 2013.
Children who are harmed by the PYD/YPG terror can lose their lives, or get injured and even be the targets of shots from their own weağpns. As a matter of fact, a 16 year old girl, Sidra Muhammed Said Uthman from Tel Tamr, who was appointed as a “traffic police” by the PYD/YPG passed away as a result of a shot fired from her rifle on June 2015.
European Centre for Kurdish Research, based in Germany, under the scope of the “Kurd Watch” project, which aims to observe the human right violations by the Syrian regime against the Kurds and Arabs in the region has prepared a report report which also include usage of child solders by PYD/YPG The report notes that PYD/YPG uses forced conscription methods and children younger than 12 are subject to a similar procedure.
President of the European Centre for Kurdish Studies, Eva Savelsberg stated that: “We have started a campaign called “War Cannot Be an Excuse: No Child soldiers in PYD! to point out the human rights violations by the PYD/YPG. The PYD/YPG, which is associated with PKK makes children fight, and it oppresses journalists, other ethnic groups and the opposition.”